These are the sections for the Laws of the Game as detailed below:
The Laws have been piloted and aim to be simple and as near to 'real' football as possible. The games require only a 'game-leader' who is urged to be as flexible as possible with the youngest children.
The children will need the Laws explained to them as the game proceeds (e.g. handball, in/out of play).
It will also be necessary to demonstrate in certain instances how to re-start the game (e.g. throw-ins).
For both boys and girls over the age of six and under the age of ten [Updated by The FA Council on 15th May 2008]
Please note: Where Leagues operate Under 11 Mini-Soccer events, they must follow these Laws
Please remember: Under 7's or Under 8's are not permitted to play in leagues where results are collected or published or winner trophies are presented, this is deemed to be detrimental to the development of the player and the game and will not be sanctioned.
Except where other provisions, in these Laws, are made, the Laws of Association Football apply. Each Law is numbered to correspond with the appropriate Law of the Game. These Laws are mandatory unless special permission is granted by The Football Association.
WARNING: Please ensure that The FA Goalpost safety guidelines are observed.
Size of Pitch
- Minimum width: 18.30m (20 yards)
- Maximum width: 27.45m (30 yards)
- Minimum length: 27.45m (30 yards)
- Maximum length: 45.75m (50 yards)
- Minimum width: 27.45m (30 yards)
- Maximum width: 36.60m (40 yards)
- Minimum length: 45.75m (50 yards)
- Maximum length: 54.90m (60 yards)
Other pitch dimensions
- Penalty Area: Length 9.15m (10 yards); Width 16.47m (18 yards)
- Penalty Mark: 7.32m (8 yards) from the Goal Line opposite the Centre of the Goal.
- Halfway Line: The field of play is divided into two halves by a halfway line. The centre mark is indicated at the mid-point of the halfway line.
- Goal Size: The distance between the posts is 3.6m (12 feet) and the distance between the lower edge of the cross bar and the ground is 1.88m (6 feet).
- The ball should be size 4 for U9/U10, or Size 3 for Under 8's.
- It should be safe and made of leather or another suitable material.
- Under 7s-8s: 4v4, 5v5, 6v6 or 7v7
- Under 9s-10s: 6v6 or 7v7
Where the appropriate facilities are available, the FA would encourage leagues and competitions to use the smaller number of players at the youngest age group.
Players must play with and against players only from their own age range, as per Football Association and Competition rules.
Players should not be allowed to begin to play until the Season of the 7th birthday.
Each team must not have a squad greater than double the size of the team per age.
Any number of substitutes, without being named, may be used at any time with the permission of the referee or game leader. Entry into the field of play will only be allowed during a stoppage in play. A player who has been replaced may return to the playing area as a substitute for another player.
- Players must wear shin guards and goalkeepers must wear a distinguishing playing strip.
- Shin guards must be covered entirely by the stockings.
The Authority of the Referee
Each match is controlled by a referee who has full authority to enforce the Laws of the Game in connection with the match to which they have been appointed.
Powers and Duties
- Enforces the Laws of the Game
- Controls the match in co-operation with the assistant referees/time keeper
- Ensures that the ball meets the requirements of Law 2
- Ensures that the players' equipment meets the requirements of Law 4
- Stops, suspends or terminates the match, at their discretion, for any infringements of the Laws
- Stops, suspends or terminates the match because of outside interference of any kind
- Stops the match if, in their opinion, a player is seriously injured and ensures that they are removed from the field of play
- Ensures that any player bleeding from a wound leaves the field of play
- Allows play to continue when the team against which an offence has been committed will benefit from such an advantage and penalises the original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue at that time
- Takes disciplinary action against players guilty of cautionable and/or sending-off offences
- Takes action against team officials who fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner and may, at their discretion, expel them from the field of play and its immediate surrounds
- Ensures that no unauthorised persons enter the field of play
- Restarts the match after it has been stopped
Decisions of the Referee
- The decisions of the referee regarding facts connected with play are final.
- The referee may only change a decision on realising that it is incorrect or, at his/her discretion provided that play has not restarted.
A person may be nominated to assist the referee to:
- Record goals scored
- Act as timekeeper and signify to the referee by an agreed signal when the time of each half has expired
- Suspend time on an instruction from the referee for all stoppages and add that time to the end of each half
- Supervise the use of rolling substitutes
- Carry out any other duties as prescribed by the referee
- If an independent timekeeper/scorer is not nominated, these duties are the responsibility of the referee
In any one day, no player shall play more than the stipulated period given below:
- Under 7 & Under 8s: 40 minutes
- Under 9 & Under 10s: 60 minutes
Each league/competition will determine its own playing time within the maximum time permitted. The half time interval must not exceed 5 minutes. [Please refer to Standard Code of Rules for Youth Leagues]
A kick-off is taken at the centre of the playing area to start the game and after a goal has been scored, opponents must be 4.5m (5 yards) away from the ball, and in their own half of the field. The ball must be played forward.
In Mini Soccer a goal cannot be scored directly from a start or restart of play
A dropped ball to restart the match after play has been temporarily stopped inside the penalty area takes place on the penalty area line parallel to the goal line at that point nearest to where the ball was located when the play stopped.
The ball is out of play when:
- It has wholly crossed the goal line or touch line whether on the ground or in the air
- Play has been stopped by the referee
The ball is in play at all other times, including when:
- It rebounds from a goal or post, crossbar or corner flag post and remains in the field of play
- It rebounds from either the referee or an assistant referee when they are on the field of play
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and under the crossbar, provided that no infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal.
The team scoring the greater number of goals during a match is the winner. If both teams score an equal number of goals, or if no goals are scored, the match is drawn.
For matches ending in a draw, competition rules may state provisions involving extra time, or other procedures approved by the International FA Board to determine the winner of a match.
Please note this must be included within the maximum participation time.
There is no offside.
In Mini-Soccer all free kicks are direct.
A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offences in a manner considered to be careless, reckless or using excessive force:
- Kicks or attempts to kick an opponent
- Trips or attempts to trip an opponent
- Jumps at an opponent
- Charges an opponent
- Strikes or attempts to strike an opponent
- Pushes an opponent
A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if a player commits any of the following offences:
- Tackles an opponent to gain possession of the ball, making contact with the opponent before touching the ball
- Holds an opponent
- Spits at an opponent
- Handles the ball deliberately (except for the goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)
- Plays in a dangerous manner
- Impedes the progress of an opponent
- Prevents the goalkeeper from releasing the ball from his/her hands
- Commits any other offence, not previously mentioned in Law 12, for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
A penalty kick is awarded if any of the above offences is committed by a player inside his/her own penalty area, irrespective of the position of the ball, provided it is in play.
A free kick is awarded to the opposing team if the goalkeeper:
- Takes more than 6 seconds to release the ball from his/her hands
- Touches the ball again with his/her hands after it has been released from his/her possession and has not touched any other player
- Touches the ball with his/her hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him/her by a team mate
- Touches the ball with his/her hands after he/she has received it directly from a throw in taken by a team mate
For all these offences, the free kick should be taken from the penalty area line, parallel with the goal line, at the nearest point to the offence.
A player is cautioned and shown the yellow card if he/she commits any of the following seven offences:
- Is guilty of unsporting behavior
- Shows dissent by word or action
- Persistently infringes the Laws of the Game
- Delays the restart of play
- Fails to respect the required distance when play is restarted with a corner kick or free kick
- Enters or re-enters the field of play without the referee's permission
- Deliberately leaves the field of play without the referee's permission
Sending Off Offences
A player is sent off and shown the red card if he/she commits any of the following seven offences:
- Is guilty of serious foul play
- Is guilty of violent conduct
- Spits at an opponent or any other person
- Denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal scoring opportunity, by deliberately handling the ball (this does not apply to a goalkeeper within his/her own penalty area)
- Denies an obvious goal scoring opportunity to an opponent moving towards the player's goal by an offence punishable by a free kick or penalty kick
- Uses offensive or insulting or abusive language and/or gestures
- Receives a second caution in the same match
For all free kicks opponents must be 4.5m (5 yards) from the ball
A penalty kick is awarded for offences, as described in Law 12
Position of the Ball and the Players
All players except the defending goalkeeper and kicker must be outside the penalty area and at least 4.5m (5 yards) from the penalty mark.
The ball must be kicked forward.
If a player or players commit an offence at the taking of a penalty kick his/her team shall not be allowed to gain an advantage (i.e. the kick is retaken or the goal is disallowed depending on which team offended)
If a player of both the defending and the attacking teams offend, the kick shall be retaken.
A goal cannot be scored directly from a throw-in.
A throw-in is awarded:
- When the whole of the ball passes over the touch line, either on the ground or in the air
- From the point where it crossed the touch line
- To the opponents of the player who last touched the ball
At the moment of delivering the ball, the thrower:
- Faces the field of play
- Has part of each foot either on the touch line or on the ground outside the touch line
- Uses both hands
- Delivers the ball from behind and over their head
- The throw-in is awarded to the opposing team, if any of these requirements are not carried out
The thrower may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player. If he/she does, a free kick will be awarded against them. The ball is in play immediately when it enters the field of play.
A player of the defending team kicks the ball from any point within the penalty area.
Opponents must remain outside the penalty area and at least 4.5m (5 yards) from where the kick is taken until the ball is in play.
The opposing players must remain at least 4.5m (5yards) from the ball until it is in play.
The kicker may not touch the ball again until it has touched another player. If he/she does, a free kick is awarded against them.
The ball is in play immediately when it enters the field of play.